And he came to Nazareth, where he had been brought up: and, as his custom was, he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read. And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esaias. And when he had opened the book, he found the place where it was written, The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, to preach the acceptable year of the Lord. And he closed the book, and he gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue were fastened on him.Luke 4:16-20
I am not sure why anyone would be against Bible studies. I certainly cannot see how someone would try to say they are unscriptural. The Bereans were more noble than the disciples at Thessalonica because they studied the Bible daily!
This account given by Luke concerning Jesus in the synagogue at Nazareth clearly shows a dialogue-type setting where no doubt a Bible study occurred.
In this scene, we see Jesus standing to read from the word of God and then He sits to teach about what He just read. This was the normal custom of Rabbi/Teachers of the day. They stood to give respect to Scripture and then sat to teach so that their students knew they could make inquiry or discuss the lesson.
Even though Jesus basically reads their minds and poses their questions and objections for them, we can clearly see that the setting allowed for dialogue.
Even a cursory look at the many other accounts of Jesus, as well as Paul and the other apostles, will show that this was the normal custom for teaching.
Yes, there were times when a sermon was delivered in an oratory fashion like the “Sermon on the Mount.” But there are an abundant more examples of the teacher in dialogue with the listeners. Each example shows that someone (with authority) is leading but he does not do all the talking.
These conversations about Scripture can be nothing other than Bible Study.
By the way, a good teacher wants his students to ask questions. That is how he knows they are learning!